Mac 小技巧

苹果电脑小技巧。

命令行技巧

  • 移动到行首 ctrl+A
  • 移动当行尾 ctrl+E
  • 往左移一个单词 esc+B
  • 往右移一个单词 esc+F
  • 删除光标前一个单词 ctrl+W
  • 删除光标前所有 ctrl+U

上传rz 下载sz

  • 首先下载 iTerm2 因为自带的 terminal 不行啊
  • 安装 lrzsz brew install lrzsz , 安装完成后,m1的brew安装位置是在 /opt/homebrew/ ,需要 copy 到
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      # M1 需要
    cd /opt/homebrew/bin
    cp sz /usr/local/bin/ cp rz /usr/local/bin/
  • 下载两个脚本 send-zmodem.sh recv-zmodem.sh
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    cd /usr/local/bin 
    sudo wget https://gist.githubusercontent.com/sy-records/1b3010b566af42f57fa6fa38138dd22a/raw/2bfe590665d3b0e6c8223623922474361058920c/iterm2-send-zmodem.sh
    sudo wget https://gist.githubusercontent.com/sy-records/40f4ba22e3fbdeedf58463b067798962/raw/b32d2f7ac3fa54acca81be3664797cebb724690f/iterm2-recv-zmodem.sh
    sudo chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/iterm2-*
    如果链接失败,可以复制以下文件
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    #vim /usr/local/bin/iterm2-send-zmodem.sh

    #!/bin/bash
    # Author: Matt Mastracci (matthew@mastracci.com)
    # AppleScript from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/4309087/cancel-button-on-osascript-in-a-bash-script
    # licensed under cc-wiki with attribution required
    # Remainder of script public domain

    osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to version' > /dev/null 2>&1 && NAME=iTerm2 || NAME=iTerm
    if [[ $NAME = "iTerm" ]]; then
    FILE=`osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm" to activate' -e 'tell application "iTerm" to set thefile to choose file with prompt "Choose a file to send"' -e "do shell script (\"echo \"&(quoted form of POSIX path of thefile as Unicode text)&\"\")"`
    else
    FILE=`osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to activate' -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to set thefile to choose file with prompt "Choose a file to send"' -e "do shell script (\"echo \"&(quoted form of POSIX path of thefile as Unicode text)&\"\")"`
    fi
    if [[ $FILE = "" ]]; then
    echo Cancelled.
    # Send ZModem cancel
    echo -e \\x18\\x18\\x18\\x18\\x18
    sleep 1
    echo
    echo \# Cancelled transfer
    else
    /usr/local/bin/sz "$FILE" -e -b
    sleep 1
    echo
    echo \# Received $FILE
    fi

    #vim /usr/local/bin/iterm2-recv-zmodem.sh

    #!/bin/bash
    # Author: Matt Mastracci (matthew@mastracci.com)
    # AppleScript from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/4309087/cancel-button-on-osascript-in-a-bash-script
    # licensed under cc-wiki with attribution required
    # Remainder of script public domain

    osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to version' > /dev/null 2>&1 && NAME=iTerm2 || NAME=iTerm
    if [[ $NAME = "iTerm" ]]; then
    FILE=`osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm" to activate' -e 'tell application "iTerm" to set thefile to choose folder with prompt "Choose a folder to place received files in"' -e "do shell script (\"echo \"&(quoted form of POSIX path of thefile as Unicode text)&\"\")"`
    else
    FILE=`osascript -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to activate' -e 'tell application "iTerm2" to set thefile to choose folder with prompt "Choose a folder to place received files in"' -e "do shell script (\"echo \"&(quoted form of POSIX path of thefile as Unicode text)&\"\")"`
    fi

    if [[ $FILE = "" ]]; then
    echo Cancelled.
    # Send ZModem cancel
    echo -e \\x18\\x18\\x18\\x18\\x18
    sleep 1
    echo
    echo \# Cancelled transfer
    else
    cd "$FILE"
    /usr/local/bin/rz -E -e -b
    sleep 1
    echo
    echo
    echo \# Sent \-\> $FILE
    fi
  • iTerm2 的配置
    点击 iTerm2 的设置界面 Perference -> Profiles -> Default -> Advanced -> Triggers 的 Edit 按钮

    点击+号,添加如下的参数

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    Regular expression: \*\*B0100
    Action: Run Silent Coprocess
    Parameters: /usr/local/bin/iterm2-send-zmodem.sh
    Instant: checked

    Regular expression: \*\*B00000000000000
    Action: Run Silent Coprocess
    Parameters: /usr/local/bin/iterm2-recv-zmodem.sh
    Instant: checked

    添加完成如下图所示

    简单的用法,当 ssh 登录后

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    # 下载一个文件: 
    sz filename
    # 下载多个文件:
    sz filename1 filename2
    # 下载dir目录下的所有文件,不包含dir下的文件夹:
    sz dir/*

    # 直接键入rz命令即可
    rz
    # 在弹出的文件窗口,选择需要上传的文件

    遍历子目录更新 git

  • https://www.itranslater.com/qa/details/2123046276676715520

  • https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/J-FQc150eoNvt3ZoSv_kfg
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find . -type d -depth 1 -exec git --git-dir={}/.git --work-tree=$PWD/{} pull origin master \;

brew

https://brew.sh/ Mac 上面最好用的软件管理工具。
mac上使用brew install /brew cask install安装软件总是先updating HomeBrew…
HomeBrew 关闭自动更新, 减少等待的时间

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vim ~/.zshrc

export HOMEBREW_NO_AUTO_UPDATE=true

更稳妥的办法是固定版本

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brew pin python@3.9 

brew list --pinned
python@3.9

固定好之后,python 就不会被自动更新了。之前遇到过 brew 自动更新了 python 从 3.7 到 3.9 导致了 pycharm 创建的虚拟环境都不能用了。

.zshrc

mac 常用的小脚本, 顺便安利一下大佬的 bash 教程

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export HOMEBREW_NO_AUTO_UPDATE=true

sshbytower() { ssh -i .ssh/tower-key.priv ubuntu@$1 }

alias feiyang-shutdown='ansible-playbook -i /Users/yang.fei/ansible/hosts /Users/yang.fei/ansible/shutdown.yml'

# ec2 service-name aws-profile
ec2() {
if [ $# -eq 2 ]; then
local profile=$2
else
local profile="default"
fi

aws ec2 describe-instances --profile $profile \
--filters "Name=instance-state-name,Values=running" "Name=tag:Name,Values=$1*" \
--query "Reservations[*].Instances[*].{Image:ImageId,Instance:InstanceId,AZ:Placement.AvailabilityZone,IP:PrivateIpAddress,Name:Tags[?Key=='Name']|[0].Value}" \
--output table --color off
}

ecip() {
aws ec2 describe-instances --filter "Name=private-ip-address,Values=$1" \
--query "Reservations[*].Instances[*].{Image:ImageId,Instance:InstanceId,AZ:Placement.AvailabilityZone,IP:PrivateIpAddress,Name:Tags[?Key=='Name']|[0].Value}" \
--output table --color off
}

ami() {
aws ec2 describe-images \
--region ap-southeast-1 \
--image-ids $1 --output table
}

function server() {
local port="${1:-8000}"
python3 -m http.server "$port"
}

我们来亲测一下 ec2 [name] [awscli profile]
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feiyang@MAC ~ % ec2 stg-hako
------------------------------------------------------------
| DescribeInstances |
+-----------------+----------------+-----------------------+
| AZ | IP | Instance |
+-----------------+----------------+-----------------------+
| ap-southeast-1b| 10.10.64.177 | i-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx |
| ap-southeast-1c| 10.10.76.44 | i-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx |
+-----------------+----------------+-----------------------+


feiyang@MAC ~ % ec2 stg-vault-v2-a-0 vaultstg
------------------------------------------------------------
| DescribeInstances |
+-----------------+----------------+-----------------------+
| AZ | IP | Instance |
+-----------------+----------------+-----------------------+
| ap-southeast-1b| 10.10.153.90 | i-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx |
+-----------------+----------------+-----------------------+

关于上面的 AWS CLI 如果不想要返回的结果用 less 浏览,可以禁用 pager
The following example sets the default to disable the use of a pager.
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# ~/.aws/config
[default]
cli_pager=

# or
export AWS_PAGER=""

curl 计时

  • time 变量的含义
  • get curl response time
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    ➜  ~ curl "http://127.0.0.1:5000/v1/wdmanager?user_email=feiyang%40feiyang233.club" -w %{time_connect}:%{time_starttransfer}:%{time_total}
    {
    "manager": "manager_name"
    }
    0.000300:34.109901:34.110209%

    # 有了缓存就是快啊
    ➜ ~ curl "http://127.0.0.1:5000/v1/wdmanager?user_email=feiyang%40feiyang233.club" -w %{time_connect}:%{time_starttransfer}:%{time_total}
    {
    "manager": "manager_name"
    }
    0.000295:0.004138:0.004199%

2K 显示器 HiDPI

  • intel 可以尝试这个方法 https://blog.csdn.net/qq_37417018/article/details/113701115
  • M1 芯片可以用这个方法 https://sspai.com/post/70141 普通版就可以,不需要 Pro 的高级功能。但 2022-06-19 今天它更新了,不需要 dummy 投影来修改分辨率了。
    而且还支持键盘控制多个屏幕的亮度,修改默认分辨率等高级功能, 真心建议 15 美元买 Pro 版本。 这篇文章也有介绍 https://zzbloc.top/archives/turn-on-hidpi-for-macbook
    关于显示器亮度: 软件上默认最大亮度是你的显示器按键设置的当前值,比如我的显示器按键设置当前值为60%,用 BetterDisplay 控制亮度时,最大值就是60%,我可调整的区间为0-60%,而不能增加到60%以上